Preferences for investors
Provision of required infrastructure on preferential terms
Infrastructure of special economic zones: engineering, transport, social, customs etc. is created at the expense of budgets of all levels (federal budget, budget of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local budget). Investors are provided with a land plot of required size with all the necessary engineering network connections (heating, electricity, gas, water, telecommunications etc.).
Tax privileges for investors in special economic zones are envisaged both at the federal and regional levels. Tax privileges depend on the type of special economic zone and the legislation of constituent entities of the Russian Federation where the relevant special economic zone in question is located.
Special customs regime
Regime of a free customs zone established within a special economic zone allows reduction in costs of investment project implementation and launch of facilities, which often require import of expensive equipment and parts into Russia.
Special administrative regime
To establish favorable conditions for business development, simplify procedures for interaction with state authorities and reduce investors' time costs in implementation of projects in special economic zones a "one-window" system was introduced.
Guarantees of the Government of the Russian Federation
Immutability of privileges provided is guaranteed by the Government of the Russian Federation
Access to skilled human resources
Special economic zones in the Russian Federation are established in the areas with human resources availability. Depending on a zone type, certain regions provide facilities for high-tech production, research centers and laboratories, inexpensive labour force for industrial production, staff experienced in the field of transport, engineering and logistics.
Rent of land plots within special economic zones
An investor that has obtained the status of a special economic zone resident and is performing entrepreneur activities within such zone is provided with a land plot registered in the state cadastre and located within the zone under a lease agreement (Art. 32, clause 2, Federal Law dated July 22, 2005 FZ No. 116 “On Special Economic Zones in the Russian Federation”).
Transparent management system
Authorities involved in SEZ management: Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, JSC “SEZ”, constituent entities of the Russian Federation